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Study Guide for TEST 1

[Revised: August 14, 2011]


Chapter 1

I.   Brief History - Time Line

(Students can expect test questions from the following items described in "Brief History - Time Line"




The 1970s

The 1980s

The 1990s

The 2000s (2000-2009)

III.     Basic Concepts in Majority / Minority Studies

1.     Know the following:

  • race
  • racial group (Discuss the difference between race and racial group.)
  • racial formation? 

2.     Is race a meaningful concept?  Why?

  • Generally this has to do with the fact that racial categories are human, not genetic, creations.

3.     What is an ethnic group?

4.     What is a majority group?

5.     What is a minority group?

6.     Racism?

  • What is racism?
  • What is ideological racism?
  • What is scientific racism?

IV.     Women as Minorities

7.     How are women similar to other minority groups?

8.     How are women, as minorities, unique compared to other minority groups?

V. What is the scientific method?

  • What is a theory?
  • What is a hypothesis?

VI. Statistics

  • What is a mean? Described how to compute a mean.
  • You are given a series of seven numbers:  5, 9, 3, 4, 12, 4, 6.  What is the mean?
  • What is a mode? Described how to compute a mode.
  • You are given a series of seven numbers:  5, 9, 3, 4, 12, 4, 6.  What is the mode?
  • What is a median? Described how to compute a median.
  • You are given a series of seven numbers:  5, 9, 3, 4, 12, 4, 6.  What is the median?
  • What is a random sample?
  • What is a spurious correlation?
  • What is the difference between a correlation and a cause and effect relationship?[Give the three requirements to prove cause and effect.]

VII.  Methods

  • What are advantages and disadvantages of survey research?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of a case study?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of an experiment study?
  • What are advantages and disadvantages of existing data in research?



Chapter 2

I.     General Observations Concerning Prejudice

1.     What is prejudice?

2.     Know the three forms of prejudice.  Provide a brief description of each.

  • cognitive prejudice
  • affective prejudice
  • conative prejudice. 

3.     What is discrimination?

4.     Be familiar with the three types of discrimination

  • Personal
  • Legal
  • Institutional (a barrier to social equality, e.g., high tuition)

5.     What are stereo types?

II.     Theories about personality and prejudice

6.     What is the Hartley Study?

7.     Is prejudice generalized? What does this question mean?

8.     What is ethnocentrism?

9.     The authoritarian personality

  • What is an authoritarian personality?
  • Know the characteristics of the authoritarian personality.
  • How does an individual develop an authoritarian personality? 
  • What are the steps in the process of developing an authoritarian personality?

10.     What is scapegoating and projection?

III.     Social Learning and Prejudice

11.  Discuss social learning and prejudice. (social environment is important here.)

12. Social learning occurs via agents of socialization. Briefly discuss three agents of socialization

  • The Family  (most important)
  • Peers
  • Schools
  • The Media

13. What is selective exposure and modeling?

14. What is the ASCH Line Experiment? Specifically, what did the experiment involve?

IV.     Socioeconomic Status and Prejudice

15. What is SES (or socioeconomic status)? 

16. What are objective, subjective, and reputational methods for accessing SES?

17. Farley contends that prejudice is, in part, a function of socioeconomic status. Various points that support this position from the notes.