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Study Guide for Test 4

[Revised:  November 29, 2013]

Glance at the Globe

The following 21 questions can be answered by using the tables provided at the beginning of the chapter.

  1. What is the population of the world? (use year 2012 data)
  2. What is the population of the U.S., Mexico and Canada? (use year 2012 data)
  3. Rank Europe, Africa, North America, Asia, and Latin America according to population size. (use year 2012 data)
  4. What are the five most populous countries in the world? (use year 2012 data)
  5. Which country has the lowest life expectancy? (use year 2012 data)
  6. Which country has the highest average life expectancy? (use year 2012 data)
  7. What is the average life expectancy of people in the world? (use year 2012 data)
  8. What is the life expectancy of people in the U.S., Canada and Mexico? (use year 2012 data)
  9. What are the per capita income [GNI per capita] of the developed world? What are the per capita income [GNI per capita] of the developing world? (use year 2012 data)
  10. What are the three wealthiest countries in the world? [GNP per capita] (use year 2012 data)
  11. Which country has the highest fertility rate? (use year 2012 data)
  12. Which country has the lowest fertility rate? (use year 2012 data)
  13. What is the fertility rate for the U.S., Mexico and Canada? (use year 2012 data)
  14. Which country has the highest percentage of their population under age 15? (use year 2012 data)
  15. Which two countries have the lowest percentage of their population under age 15? (use year 2012 data)
  16. What is the percentage of the population under 15 years old in the U.S.. Mexico, and the U.S.? (use year 2012 data)
  17. What three countries have the highest percentage of their population 65 years of age and older? (use year 2012 data)
  18. What three countries have the lowest percentage of their population 65 years of age and older? (use year 2012 data)
  19. What is the percentage of the population 65 years old and older in the U.S.. Mexico, and the U.S.? (use year 2012 data)
  20. Which three countries have the highest rates of HIV/AIDS? (use year 2012 data)
  21. What is the HIV / AIDs infection rates for the United States, Mexico, and Canada? (use year 2012 data)

Social Change

1.     What is differentiation according to the functionalists?

2.     Why does social change occur according to Marx?

3.     Why does social change occur according to dialectical theories?

4.     What is Modernization?  What are four general characteristics of modernization?

5.     What is Modernization Theory (Market-Oriented Theory)?

6.     Know the various positions on Marxist Theories on global social change.

7.     What is dependency Theory?

8     What is World System Theory?

9.     What is collective behavior?

10.     Know the Forms of Collective Behavior.

11.     Know the five kinds of social movements.

12.     Why Do Social Movements Arise?

Population (Demography)

1.     What is a demographic perspective?

2.     Discuss demography and business

3.     Discuss demography and government

4.     What is the baby boom?

5.     What caused the baby boom? (Give three points)

6.     What impact does the baby boom have on society?

7.     What is the difference between fertility and fecundity?

8.     What is life expectancy?

9.     Discuss the two historic components of mortality.

10.     Death associated with cancer is on the rise. Why is the number of deaths attributable to cancer increasing?

11.     What is an infant mortality rate?

12.     Why are European countries more successful than the U.S. in controlling infant mortality?

13.     Overall, women outlive men. Why? Discuss the age, educational level, and motivation of people who migrate vs. those who do not.

14.     According to Malthus, what causes of population growth?

15.     Regarding the Malthusian perspective, what is the difference between positive checks and preventative checks?

16.     Discuss the three stages of demographic transition.

17.     What is dependency in population studies?

18.     What is zero population growth?

19.     List and discuss the five cultural features that influence population policy.

20.     Discuss the relationship between population and poverty.

21.     Describe a scenario where the United States might be seen as being over-populated.