Introduction to Regional Geography I

(Pages 1-14)

 

 

OUTLINE

·        Geography

·        Geographic Realms

·        Transition Zones

·        Regions

·        Formal

·        Functional

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

·        The study of place and space

·        Studies the location and distribution of features on the Earth’s surface

·        Studies human activity, the natural environment, and the

relationship between the two

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        Answers where and why

 

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS

·        Biologists

·        Geologists

·        Historians

·        Geographers

 

GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

·        The largest geographic units into which the inhabited world can be divided

·        Based on both physical (natural) and human (cultural) yardsticks

·        The result of the interaction between human societies and natural environments

·        A functional interaction

·        Revealed by farms, mines, fishing ports, transport routes, dams, bridges, villages, and other features on the landscape

·        Represent the most comprehensive and encompassing definition of the great clusters of humankind in the world today

 

WORLD GEOGRAPHIC REALMS (MAP)

 

GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

·        Geographic realms change over time.

·        Where geographic realms meet, transition zones, not sharp boundaries, mark their contacts.

 

TRANSITION ZONES (MAP)

·        An area of spatial change where peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join

·        Marked by a gradual shift (rather than a sharp break) in the characteristics that distinguish neighboring realms

 

GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION (SCHEMATIC)

 

REGIONS

·        Areas of the earth’s surface marked by certain properties

·        Scientific devices that enable us to make spatial generalizations

·        Based on criteria we establish

·        Criteria can be:

¨       Human (cultural) properties

¨       Physical (natural) characteristics

¨       or Both

·        All regions have:

¨      Area

¨      Boundaries

¨      Location

 

FORMAL REGION (MAP)

·        Marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena

·        Also called a uniform region or homogeneous region

 

FUNCTIONAL REGION (MAP)

·        A region marked less by its sameness than its dynamic internal structure

·        A spatial system focused on a central core

·        A region formed by a set of places and their functional integration

·        Also called a “nodal” region

 

HINTERLAND

·       Literally means “country behind

·       A term that applies to a surrounding area served by an urban center

·       Urban center is the focus of goods and services produced in the hinterland

 

THE PHYSICAL SETTING

·        Physical geography

¨      Wegner’s Hypothesis

¨      Weathering

¨      Erosion

¨      Climate