Don't Use a Pronoun to Refer to an Adjective!
In X.J. Kennedy's preface
explains that blah blah, so forth, and so on.
In both cases above, the underlined
elements are parts of speech serving as modifiers. "Kennedy's"
modifies 'preface' and "Smith's" modifies 'story.' They are
possessive nouns, which really aren't nouns: they're modifiers. 'Preface'
and 'story' are nouns. Anything that modifies a noun
could not be a noun.
In Smith's story "The Downfall
of the Arrogant Caterpillar," she suggests that blah blah,
so forth, and so on.
In the two sentence examples
above (at the beginning), the bold, italicized print indicates
pronoun use. A pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun. Can a pronoun
substitute for a modifier/adjective? No. In the above examples, can 'he'
refer to the adjective Kennedy's or 'she' refer to the adjective
Smith's? No. Pronouns don't refer to adjectives.
The noun that a pronoun refers
to is called an antecedent. It is important to have a clear, concise
antecedent. If there is no antecedent, then either there must be, or the
pronoun should be replaced with an appropriate noun to suit the purpose
of the context of the sentence.
To fix the above sentences:
In the preface to his anthology
of English literature, editor X.J. Kennedy explains that blah blah, so
forth, and so on.
In "The Downfall of the Arrogant
Caterpillar," novelist Myra Smith suggests that blah blah, so forth, and
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